Clear Language Reports

Challenging Behaviour, Sleep and Anxiety in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and/or Intellectual Disability

Children with Intellectual Disability (ID) and/or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are more likely to have sleep and anxiety problems, and episodes of challenging behaviour (CB) than are typically developing children. However, there is not much information about how these conditions are related to each other. The goal of this study was to better understand how sleep problems and anxiety are related to CB.

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Mental Health and Behavioural Problems in Young People with Intellectual Disability

Children and teenagers with Intellectual Disability (ID) are known to be 3 to 4 times more likely than their typically developing peers to have mental health or behavioural problems. The presence of aggression, serious behavioural problems, depression, and anxiety all interfere with a young person’s ability to engage in school, recreation, work or education and cause serious stress to the child and their family. This study looked at the development over time of mental health and behaviour problems in a group of children and teenagers with ID.

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What Do We Know About the Adulthood and Life Expectancy of People with Intellectual Disability?

Most people with Intellectual Disability (ID) are now living much longer than they would have in the previous generation.  The advent of new interventions and therapies has increased their life expectancy, and made treatable conditions that would have severely impaired them or caused their deaths.  To help plan for their treatment and care in old age, it is important to know how the causes of ID affect general functioning, and what diseases persons with ID tend to develop as they age.   This literature review examined these issues in persons with several different genetic conditions that are characterized by the presence of ID.
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