Clear Language Reports

An Analysis Of The Use Of Behavioural Interventions In Children With ADHD

Behavioural interventions often are recommended as treatment for ADHD, even though there is insufficient evidence to show they work well in real life. However, there is enough evidence to support the continuation of research into whether or not they are effective in changing problem behaviour. Since parents have substantial influence on children’s development , this review sought to evaluate published trials of behavioural interventions that measured three key patient and parent outcomes:

• The impact of behavioural interventions on parents’ responses to children with ADHD was investigated.

• The possible improvements in parenting competence, and decrease in mental health problems in adults dealing with children with ADHD.

• The impact of behavioural interventions on other aspects of children’s lives, such as social skills, academic performance, and oppositional behaviours.

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Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders Share Problems Identifying Emotions

Many children and young people with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDs) have deficits in their ability to recognize the emotional states of others (e.g., anger, fear, or sadness). The goal of this study was to compare patterns of this social perception ability in children diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), compared to a control group. The researchers wanted to see if the different groups shared similar difficulties with social perception and if there were differences in their severity.

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Effects of Aerobic Physical Activity on ADHD Symptoms in Young Children

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder present in about 1 in 20 children that causes difficulties at home, school, and in peer relations. Current treatments include medications, which can be associated with side effects, and behavioural therapies that are labour intensive. There is a need for treatments that are safe, easy to use, and effective. This study compared the effects of physical activity versus a seated art-based activity.


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Genetic Relationship Between Five Psychiatric Disorders

Most psychiatric disorders are known to have a genetic component, usually related to small changes in the DNA called single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs, pronounced “snips”), the most common type of genetic variation . What is not well understood is whether these differences are unique to each disorder or if multiple disorder share them. The goal of this study was to examine if there is shared genetic etiology among five disorders: Schizophrenia, Bipolar Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

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Sleep Problems in Children with ADHD

Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more likely to have sleep problems than children without ADHD.  Previous research has shown that sleep problems in children with ADHD can negatively affect daily living.  However, the risk factors and how persistent these sleep problems are over time in children with ADHD has not been investigated in depth.
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The Oxytocin Receptor and Social Abilities Across Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Oxytocin, a chemical produced in the brain’s pituitary gland, is known to influence social behaviour. Its  receptor, OXTR, is a region on a cell that is sensitive to oxytocin, and can initiate changes in a cell’s activity, ultimately altering social behaviour in an individual. There are multiple variations (called single nucleotide polymorphisms or SNPs) in the OXTR gene that are known to be related to differences in the social abilities of typically developing populations.  However, it is not known if the same response is found in children with neurodevelopmental disorders, most of whom have some degree of social skills deficits. This study looked at what effects, if any, variations in the OXTR gene had on the social abilities of children with ASD or ADHD.

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Treatments for Adolescents with ADHD

The distinct developmental differences that exist between children and adolescents require ADHD treatment procedures appropriate for each age group. Treating adolescents with ADHD has unique challenges, including physical changes associated with puberty, risky behaviour, medication refusal, parent-teen conflict, increased responsibilities and decreased supervision. The purpose of this review was to compare scientific studies published over the past 13 years that examine the treatment of ADHD in adolescents.

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