Sleep and Pediatric Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Sleep problems are common in children with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). However, there is little research on what forms they take and how they relate to the OCD, itself. Since sleep disturbances are known to affect learning ability and mood, it is important to understand if they also affect the symptoms of OCD. It is possible that they may affect the overall functioning of children with the condition.

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Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome and Cognition in Down Syndrome

Sleep disorders can have a negative effect on people’s ability to think and learn. They also influence their mood and temperament, and can impair their immune function. Past research has shown the children and adults with Down Syndrome (DS) have much higher than average rates of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS), a condition in which people stop and start breathing multiple times per hour while asleep. However, little research has been done on the effects of OSAS on their thinking and learning abilities. This study addressed that issue.

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Comparison of Exercise Programs in Teenagers with Down Syndrome

Researchers have found that 30-50% of children with Down Syndrome (DS) are obese, a greater number than seen in children without DS. Obesity is known to often begin in childhood and adolescence, and increases the risks for diabetes and heart disease. Many children and teens with DS have heart or other health problems, so it may mean that obesity is an even great risk to them than it is in adults without DS.

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Reducing Distress in Mothers of Children with ASD and Other Neurodevelopmental Disorders

It is well known that mothers of children with ASD and other neurodevelopmental disorders (NDs) are highly stressed, are likely to become ill, and have mental health problems. However, treatment and policy are directed only towards their children. They do not address the health of the mothers, on whom the children depend for the care they need to help them develop as well as they can.

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Mental Health and Behavioural Problems in Young People with Intellectual Disability

Children and teenagers with Intellectual Disability (ID) are known to be 3 to 4 times more likely than their typically developing peers to have mental health or behavioural problems. The presence of aggression, serious behavioural problems, depression, and anxiety all interfere with a young person’s ability to engage in school, recreation, work or education and cause serious stress to the child and their family. This study looked at the development over time of mental health and behaviour problems in a group of children and teenagers with ID.

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Assessment of Studies of Non-medication Treatment of OCD

Treatment recommendations are only as good as the evidence on which they are based. That is why professional associations review research studies to evaluate how well they have been conducted and analyzed. This is an update of a review published in 2007 that looked at the evidence base for different forms of psychosocial interventions used in children and youth with OCD. That review concluded that the best evidence was for Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). CBT is a form of therapy, offered individually or in groups, that teaches people how to identify and alter thinking patterns that can worsen their symptoms and reduce their ability to function in daily life.

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Treatments for Adolescents with ADHD

The distinct developmental differences that exist between children and adolescents require ADHD treatment procedures appropriate for each age group. Treating adolescents with ADHD has unique challenges, including physical changes associated with puberty, risky behaviour, medication refusal, parent-teen conflict, increased responsibilities and decreased supervision. The purpose of this review was to compare scientific studies published over the past 13 years that examine the treatment of ADHD in adolescents.

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Medication Management of Behavioural Disorders in Autism

The core symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are social communication deficits and restricted interests and repetitive behaviours, which are often accompanied by irritability, inattention, anxiety, and hyperactivity. Currently, no medications are approved for treatment of the core symptoms and only 2 drugs are approved by the United States FDA for treatment of irritability associated with ASD. This review of several studies serves as a summary and update regarding medication management for behavioural disorders in ASD.

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Diagnostic Symptoms and Problem Behaviours in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Previous research has shown that in addition to the core diagnostic symptoms of social communication deficits and repetitive, restricted, stereotyped behaviours,children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show problem behaviours. These behaviours are usually associated with disorders such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). However, the relationship between usual symptoms in children with ASD and problem behaviours is not well understood.

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