What Do We Know About the Adulthood and Life Expectancy of People with Intellectual Disability?

Most people with Intellectual Disability (ID) are now living much longer than they would have in the previous generation.  The advent of new interventions and therapies has increased their life expectancy, and made treatable conditions that would have severely impaired them or caused their deaths.  To help plan for their treatment and care in old age, it is important to know how the causes of ID affect general functioning, and what diseases persons with ID tend to develop as they age.   This literature review examined these issues in persons with several different genetic conditions that are characterized by the presence of ID.
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Computer Software to Improve Social Skills of Children with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder

Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have difficulty with social skills and nonverbal communication. In this study, researchers used a software program with both audio and video features to teach children diagnosed with High Functioning ASD (HFASD) how to recognize their own and other people’s emotions. The software, known as Mind Reading, was designed to improve emotion recognition by taking advantage of the ability to organize and to create systems that are frequently seen in people with ASD.

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Thriving in Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability

Thriving refers to personal well-being and continued positive personal growth that allows an individual to participate in relationships and make contributions to others. When young people have encouragement and opportunities to develop the 6 Cs of thriving: competence, confidence, character, caring or compassion, connection with others, and contributions to family, self, and community, they are said to be thriving. This study looked at parent report of their child’s thriving, comparing children and youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) alone, to those with ASD and Intellectual Disability (ID).

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Patient-Led Physician Education Program About Tourette Syndrome

Over the last few years, there have been calls to change the way medicine is practised. In some places, traditional doctor-focused, diseased-centered, and prescriptive medical practice is now being replaced with a more empathetic, collaborative, and patient-centered approach. To be effective, it means that doctors need to be emotionally involved with and interested in the unique experiences of their patients. This change is being made in the hope of improving the quality of the patient-physician relationship and thus, treatment success.

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Treatment of Mental Health and Behaviour Problems in Children and Adolescents with Fragile X Syndrome

Children and adolescents with Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) experience multiple mental health and behavioural problems. Left untreated, these symptoms interfere with their ability to learn and engage in life to the best of their ability. This is a review of scientific reports on the treatment of symptoms of hyperactivity, attention problems, social interaction problems, and anxiety in children and adolescents with Fragile X Syndrome.

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The Immune System’s Role in Rett Syndrome

Children with Rett syndrome lose multiple thinking, learning, and movement abilities beginning at 6 to 18 months of age.  As they get older, they are often unable to learn new skills. They have problems with digestion, and with the heart, muscles, and bones. This study looked at whether or not the immune system could play a role in these symptoms.

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Maternal Gesture Use and Speech in Children with Fragile X Syndrome

Babies who are cared for by people who talk and describe things to them tend to develop richer speech than do babies who don’t live in such environments. This study looked at whether or not young children with Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) make greater gains in both speaking and understanding speech if their mothers use gestures such as pointing, compared to children whose mothers don’t do so.

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Video Evidence of Early Symptoms in Girls with Rett Syndrome

Doctors and scientists have long believed that girls with Rett show typical development until they begin to lose speech and the use of their hands. The loss of these abilities, termed “regression,” and the slowing of head growth were thought to signal the onset of the condition. This research study looked at whether or not there are problems with speech and language use prior to regression, which would suggest that the condition has a much earlier onset.

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Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders Share Problems Identifying Emotions

Many children and young people with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDs) have deficits in their ability to recognize the emotional states of others (e.g., anger, fear, or sadness). The goal of this study was to compare patterns of this social perception ability in children diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), compared to a control group. The researchers wanted to see if the different groups shared similar difficulties with social perception and if there were differences in their severity.

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