Clear Language Reports

Challenging Behaviour, Sleep and Anxiety in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and/or Intellectual Disability

Children with Intellectual Disability (ID) and/or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are more likely to have sleep and anxiety problems, and episodes of challenging behaviour (CB) than are typically developing children. However, there is not much information about how these conditions are related to each other. The goal of this study was to better understand how sleep problems and anxiety are related to CB.

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Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders Share Problems Identifying Emotions

Many children and young people with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDs) have deficits in their ability to recognize the emotional states of others (e.g., anger, fear, or sadness). The goal of this study was to compare patterns of this social perception ability in children diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), compared to a control group. The researchers wanted to see if the different groups shared similar difficulties with social perception and if there were differences in their severity.

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Computer Software to Improve Social Skills of Children with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder

Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have difficulty with social skills and nonverbal communication. In this study, researchers used a software program with both audio and video features to teach children diagnosed with High Functioning ASD (HFASD) how to recognize their own and other people’s emotions. The software, known as Mind Reading, was designed to improve emotion recognition by taking advantage of the ability to organize and to create systems that are frequently seen in people with ASD.

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Developmental Pathways of Preschool Children with ASD

Previous studies have shown that the IQ and language ability of children with ASD can predict later outcomes. Two other aspects that have an impact on later outcomes are autistic symptom severity and adaptive functioning, which refers to learning how to perform daily life tasks. This study looked at whether or not information on autistic symptom severity and adaptive functioning could be used to predict developmental outcomes of children with ASD.

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Diagnostic Symptoms and Problem Behaviours in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Previous research has shown that in addition to the core diagnostic symptoms of social communication deficits and repetitive, restricted, stereotyped behaviours,children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show problem behaviours. These behaviours are usually associated with disorders such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). However, the relationship between usual symptoms in children with ASD and problem behaviours is not well understood.

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Medication Management of Behavioural Disorders in Autism

The core symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are social communication deficits and restricted interests and repetitive behaviours, which are often accompanied by irritability, inattention, anxiety, and hyperactivity. Currently, no medications are approved for treatment of the core symptoms and only 2 drugs are approved by the United States FDA for treatment of irritability associated with ASD. This review of several studies serves as a summary and update regarding medication management for behavioural disorders in ASD.

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Needs of Young People with High-functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder

Many people believe that individuals who are higher-functioning on the autism spectrum naturally have more positive life outcomes than others with autism. Because of this, policies and programs often fail to include support services for this group of individuals, and may leave some of their vital needs unmet. For this reason, researchers were curious to determine how the families of those with higher-functioning autism felt about the services their loved ones were receiving, as well as the living accommodations and employment statuses of these young adults.
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Patterns of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Families

The family members of people with ASD often share many of their traits but don’t have the number or severity of symptoms needed to be diagnosed with the condition. This study looked at whether having multiple children or only one child with ASD, or the sex of the children with ASD in a family influenced the presence and severity of symptoms in the children without a diagnosis of ASD.

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Reducing Distress in Mothers of Children with ASD and Other Neurodevelopmental Disorders

It is well known that mothers of children with ASD and other neurodevelopmental disorders (NDs) are highly stressed, are likely to become ill, and have mental health problems. However, treatment and policy are directed only towards their children. They do not address the health of the mothers, on whom the children depend for the care they need to help them develop as well as they can.

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Thriving in Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability

Thriving refers to personal well-being and continued positive personal growth that allows an individual to participate in relationships and make contributions to others. When young people have encouragement and opportunities to develop the 6 Cs of thriving: competence, confidence, character, caring or compassion, connection with others, and contributions to family, self, and community, they are said to be thriving. This study looked at parent report of their child’s thriving, comparing children and youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) alone, to those with ASD and Intellectual Disability (ID).

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