Clear Language Reports

Challenging Behaviour, Sleep and Anxiety in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and/or Intellectual Disability

Children with Intellectual Disability (ID) and/or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are more likely to have sleep and anxiety problems, and episodes of challenging behaviour (CB) than are typically developing children. However, there is not much information about how these conditions are related to each other. The goal of this study was to better understand how sleep problems and anxiety are related to CB.

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Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders Share Problems Identifying Emotions

Many children and young people with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDs) have deficits in their ability to recognize the emotional states of others (e.g., anger, fear, or sadness). The goal of this study was to compare patterns of this social perception ability in children diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), compared to a control group. The researchers wanted to see if the different groups shared similar difficulties with social perception and if there were differences in their severity.

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Developmental Pathways of Preschool Children with ASD

Previous studies have shown that the IQ and language ability of children with ASD can predict later outcomes. Two other aspects that have an impact on later outcomes are autistic symptom severity and adaptive functioning, which refers to learning how to perform daily life tasks. This study looked at whether or not information on autistic symptom severity and adaptive functioning could be used to predict developmental outcomes of children with ASD.

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Diagnostic Symptoms and Problem Behaviours in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Previous research has shown that in addition to the core diagnostic symptoms of social communication deficits and repetitive, restricted, stereotyped behaviours,children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show problem behaviours. These behaviours are usually associated with disorders such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). However, the relationship between usual symptoms in children with ASD and problem behaviours is not well understood.

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Medication Management of Behavioural Disorders in Autism

The core symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are social communication deficits and restricted interests and repetitive behaviours, which are often accompanied by irritability, inattention, anxiety, and hyperactivity. Currently, no medications are approved for treatment of the core symptoms and only 2 drugs are approved by the United States FDA for treatment of irritability associated with ASD. This review of several studies serves as a summary and update regarding medication management for behavioural disorders in ASD.

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Reducing Distress in Mothers of Children with ASD and Other Neurodevelopmental Disorders

It is well known that mothers of children with ASD and other neurodevelopmental disorders (NDs) are highly stressed, are likely to become ill, and have mental health problems. However, treatment and policy are directed only towards their children. They do not address the health of the mothers, on whom the children depend for the care they need to help them develop as well as they can.

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